Light effects on somatic and zygotic embryogenesis in larch

Light effects on somatic and zygotic embryogenesis in larch

Zygotic embryos of hybrid larch, Larix × marschlinsii never accumulate phenolics whereas embryos cultured in vitro ccumulate phenolics readily.

Light effects on somatic and zygotic embryogenesis in larch
Light effects on somatic and zygotic embryogenesis in larch

Penotypes of cloned conifer embryos can be strongly influenced by a number of in vitro factors and in some instances clonal variation can exceed that found in nature. von Aderkas et al. study embryos of hybrid larch, Larix × marschlinsii, and find that zygotic embryos, which mature in darkness inside seed cones, never accumulate phenolics whereas embryos cultured in vitro (i.e. somatic) accumulate phenolics readily. In contrast, light has a negative effect on protein accumulation. Somatic embryos that mature in light accumulate phenolics such as quercetrin in their embryonal root caps, which turn red. The results suggest that further study of abiotic factors is required to gain a better understanding of events during embryogenesis.

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The Annals of Botany Office is based at the University of Oxford.

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