Annals of Botany

Geraniales flowers revisited: evolutionary trends in floral nectaries

Investigating floral morphology in the order Geraniales, Jeiter et al. present data to demonstrate that even the most disparate floral morphologies are derived from a common origin, sharing a basic pentamerous and pentacyclic organisation with an obdiplostemonous androecium and receptacular nectaries associated with the antesepalous stamens.


Floral morphology of the Geraniales shows a high degree of similarity, despite divergence in detail. The variations are predominantly lineage specific, with individual apomorphic characteristics such as zygomorphy or a reduced number of nectaries having arisen several times independently.

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