Some people fixate on honey bees as essential for pollination. Reality is more complicated. For one species, honey bee visits actively harm its chances of pollinating a partner.
Coupled with the negative effects of global cooling, angiosperms pushed gymnosperm extinction past the point of recovery.
A disagreement on when flowers evolved could be solved by studying the real experts on pollination, the pollinators.
Did flowering plants appear earlier than the fossil record indicates? Two papers independently conclude they did – and suggest what fossil evidence we should look for.
The rise of angiosperms should be studied as part of the global increase in biodiversity.
This study reinforces the antiquity of insect–plant pollination mutualisms in Gnetophyta, which have a fossil record beginning in the Triassic.
Why did Gingko almost disappear during the Triassic–Jurassic mass extinction when ferns did so well? The answer has relevance for future atmospheric changes.
Humans are 98% junk! But a carnivorous plant is far more efficient – containing only 3% junk-DNA.