A surprising number of plants snack on fungi as well as sunshine.
Apostasia nipponica is the first member of the early-diverging orchid clade found to be using this strategy.
One of the common features of plants they make their own food. But what happens inside a plant when they stop making their food and eat something else?
When a plant gives up photosynthesis, it can find that it’s an advantage to give up a lot more too.
Pyroloid mixotrophy does not respond plastically to ageing or to light level. This contrasts with the usual view of a convergent evolution with orchids.
This study identifies saprotrophic mycorrhizal fungi for seven mycoheterotrophic orchid species growing in four humid and warm subtropical forests in Taiwan
A better understanding of germination and seedling establishment is needed for the conservation of vulnerable or threatened orchid populations.
An examination of an embryo in an underground gametophyte reveals a massive foot with ultrastructural variability comparable to that across major clades.