Banksia attenuata and Banksia sessilis are in the same genus, but their life strategies reflect how they react to poor nutrition.
Do M. malabathricum seedlings respond positively to the
addition of aluminium to the growth medium?
How will coastal ecosystems change when some seedling can tolerate rising tides, and others cannot?
Higher parasite fitness correlated with lower host fitness, supporting the view that these associations are antagonistic.
What happens when an unwanted visitor infects a lichen? Plectocarpon lichenum makes it harder for its host to eject it.