Seedling establishment is a crucial bottleneck in plant population dynamics, but seedlings don’t behave the same way fully-grown trees do.
You might expect acorn-eating chipmunks to be the enemies of oaks. New research out of Henan and Jiangxi suggests that the chipmunks aid oaks because acorns are not the only babies that the chipmunks eat.
A better understanding of germination and seedling establishment is needed for the conservation of vulnerable or threatened orchid populations.
Kalidium gracile has 3 life history traits to help ensure persistence at a site: polycarpic perennial life cycle, persistent seed bank and dormancy cycling.